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Midlothianshire or Edinburghshire, a former county in southeastern Scotland; located on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth. Edinburgh was the county town. The area shows evidence of prehistoric habitation and was at one time occupied by the Romans. Midlothian's later history is tied to that of the city of Edinburgh, which was founded in the 11th century and became the national capital in 1437. In 1975 the county was divided between the newly created Lothian and Borders regions.
For genealogical purposes, this site deals with research prior to the reorganization of this region. Lothian, is divided into three sites: Midlothian (Edinburgh), East Lothian, and West Lothian.
Edinburgh is the second largest city in Scotland, after the industrial center of Glasgow. It is also Scotland's financial, cultural, educational, and service-industry hub.
Edinburgh's most impressive landmark is Edinburgh Castle which rises above the city on sheer cliffs. The 11th-century Chapel of Saint Margaret, the city's oldest structure, is located here as well. The Castle Rock is connected to the 16th-century royal Scottish residence of Holyrood Palace by a road known as the Royal Mile, the main thoroughfare of the Old Town district of the city. Other notable buildings in Old Town include Saint Giles, the National Church of Scotland (largely 15th century); the Parliament House, seat of the Scottish Parliament from its completion in 1639 until 1707; and the house of the 16th-century Protestant reformer John Knox. To the north of this district is New Town, which was developed in the late 18th century and contains many fine buildings designed by the Scottish architect Robert Adam. Separating the two districts is Princes Street Gardens, occupying the bed of a loch that was drained in 1816.
Other cultural institutions include the National Gallery of Scotland (1859), the Scottish National Portrait Gallery (1882), the Royal Scottish Museum (1854), and museums of modern art and Scottish history. The Edinburgh International Festival, held here annually since 1947, is a world-renowned arts festival. The University of Edinburgh (1583) is especially noted for its schools of medicine and law. Other educational institutions include Heriot-Watt University (1821), Edinburgh College of Art (1907), and colleges of architecture, technology, education, and theology.
Queries and Surnames
Submit and View Queries and Surnames Submit a Query or Surnames for your lost Midlothian Scotland ancestor. Please use the linking feature only for genealogical material otherwise your query may be deleted.