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THIS is the most south-easterly county of Scotland; it is bounded on the east by the North Sea, and on the west by the counties of Edinburgh and Selkirk; on the north by the county of Haddington, and on the south by Northumberland and Roxburghshire. It measures from east to west thirty-five miles, and from north to south twenty-two, and its area comprises 267,161 statue acres, or 464 square miles. In point of size, Berwick ranks as the twentieth Scottish county.
Berwickshire is divided into three districts, namely Merse, Lammermoor and Lauderdale. The Merse is the largest and most valuable district, and embraces that tract of low land between the Lammermoor Hills on the north, and the river Tweed on the south, having Lauderdale for its western boundary. Lammermoor consists of nearly 90,000 statue acres. The district of Laduerdale contains about 67,000 statue acres. The eminences of Berwickshire - those of the greatest altitude above the level of the sea - are Soutra Hill, 1,716 feet; Crib Law, 1,615; Clint Hill; 1,544 : Meikleless Law, 1,531; Tippet Knowes, 1,323; Dirrington Law, 1,309; and Twin Law, 1,260.
The exports of Berwickshire consist of great quantities of corn, coal, sheep and eggs; and these indeed, may be considered as the extent of its commerce. Berwickshire is strictly pastoral and agricultural; the principal crops are wheat, barley, oats, beans and turnips, the latter being extensively cultivated. Manufactures finds its chief seat at the principal town, Berwick
The principal lines of railway in this county are the North British and its many branches, and the North-Eastern.
Berwickshire comprehends (exclusive of Berwick town), thirty-three parishes and two parts of parishes; and contains one royal burgh, Lauder-Berwick-upon-Tweed is a royal burgh, and sends one member. The present member for the county is H. J. Tenant, Esq. The lord lieutenant of the county is the Earl of Home. Population, 32,257.
SOURCE: Lamburn, Charles. The border counties business directory, comprising Roxburghshire, Selkirkshire, Peeblesshire, and Berwickshire (1897)
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